History of the Designed Artefact

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Epigraphy: Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions as writing. It is the work of historians which is recorded by the inscriptions as document.

Epigraphy
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Calligraphy: Calligraphy is a visual art related to writing. It is the design and execution of lettering with a broad tip instrument, brush or other writing instrument.

Calligraphy
Write Calligraphy Brush Handwriting

Common calligraphy pens and brushes are:

Quill:

Quill
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Dip pen:

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https://www.wikipedia.org/

Ink brush:

Ink Brush
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Qalam:

https://www.wikipedia.org/
https://www.wikipedia.org/

Fountain Pen:

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https://www.wikipedia.org/

Printmaking:

Printmaking is the process of creating artwork by printing, normally on paper.

Printmaking techniques are divided into the following basic categories:

  • Relief: In relief ink is applied to the original surface of the matrix. Relief technique includes woodcut or woodblock.
  • Intaglio: In Intaglio ink is applied beneath the original surface of the matrix.
  • Planographic: In planographic where the matrix retains its original surface, bit is specially prepared or inked to allow for transfer of the image.
  • Stencil: In stencil where ink or paint is pressed through a prepared screen, including screen printing.

 

 

Collagraphy: Collagraphy is the printmaking techniques where textured material is adhered to the printing matrix.

Penmanship: Penmanship is the technique of writing with the hand using a writing instrument called stylus.

Micrography: Micrography is also called micro calligraphy. It uses Hebrew letters to form representational, geometric and abstract design. The artwork is designed created from text that forms an image when viewed at a distance.

https://www.wikipedia.org/
https://www.wikipedia.org/

Others types of printing:

Screen Printing, Monoprints, Digital Printing, Viscosity Printing, Foil Imaging.

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